Bioactive steroidal saponins from Agave offoyana flowers

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Bioactive steroidal saponins from Agave offoyana flowers

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Title: Bioactive steroidal saponins from Agave offoyana flowers
Author: J. Pérez, Andy; Calle, Juan M.; Simonet, Ana M.; O. Guerra, José; Stochmal, Anna; Macías Domínguez, Francisco Antonio
Departments: Química Orgánica
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-source: Phytochemistry 95 (2013) 298–307
Abstract: Bioguided studies of flowers of Agave offoyana allowed the isolation of five steroidal saponins never described previously, Magueyosides A–E (1–5), along with six known steroidal saponins (6–11). The structures of compounds were determined as (25R)-spirost-5-en-2a,3b-diol-12-one 3-O-{b-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-3)-O-b-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-2)-O-[b-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-3)]-O-b-D-glucopyranosyl-( 1-4)-O-b-D-galactopyranoside} (1), (25R)-spirost-5-en-2a,3b-diol-12-one 3-O-{b-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-2)-O-[b-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-3)]-O-b-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-4)-O-b-D galactopyranoside} (2), (25R)-spirost-5-en-2a,3b,12b-triol 3-O-{b-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-2)-O-[b-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-3)]- O-b-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-4)-O-b-D-galactopyranoside} (3), (25R)-5a-spirostan-2a,3b-diol-12-one 3-O-{b-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-3)-O-b-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-2)-O-[b-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-3)]-O-b-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-4)-O-b-D-galactopyranoside} (4), and (25R)-5a-spirostan-2a,3b-diol-9(11)-en-12-one 3-O-{b-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-3)-O-b-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-2)-O-[b-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-3)]-O-b-D-glucopyranosyl-( 1-4)-O-b-D-galactopyranoside} (5), by comprehensive spectroscopic analysis, including one- and two-dimensional NMR techniques, mass spectrometry and chemical methods. The bioactivities of the isolated compounds on the standard target species Lactuca sativa were evaluated. A dosedependent phytotoxicity and low dose stimulation were observed.
Subject: Agave offoyana ; Steroidal saponins ; Structural elucidation ; Phytotoxic activity ; Structure–activity relationship.
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/10498/20275
Date: 2013-07

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