Bariatric Surgery Influences beta-Cell Turnover in Non Obese Rats.
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DepartmentAnatomía y Embriología Humana
The aim of this study was to investigate the different bariatric surgeries relationship with pancreatic beta-cell turnover. We used healthy adult male Wistar rats to undergo the different techniques. We developed three surgical techniques (malabsorptive, Sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-Y Gastric Bypass-), and two control groups (Sham and fasting control). Pancreatic beta-cell mass was measured, as well as apoptosis, proliferation and neogenesis related to cellular turnover. Otherwise, we measured the functional issues to elucidate the physiological role that these surgical techniques trigger in the carbohydrate metabolism (e.g. food intake, weight gain, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test, and basal glycaemia). Results included the differences that these parameters underwent in each surgical model. The -cell mass presented modifications that were related with proliferation processes. We reported significant increase of -cell mass in the malabsorptive technique. Other while the peripheral resistance to insulin trended to reduce in rats underwent with malabsorptive and mixed techniques. The goal of the present study was to present how different bariatric surgical techniques affected on pancreatic beta-cell turnover. We considered that these implications of surgery over the endocrine pancreas must be one of the mechanisms related to the improvement of type 2 Diabetes mellitus afterward the bariatric surgery.