Effect of ph control by means of flue gas addition on three different photo-bioreactors treating urban wastewater in long-term operation.
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DepartmentTecnologías del Medio Ambiente
SourceEcological Engineering. 57, pp. 226 - 235. Elsevier, 2013
Effect of pH control with flue gas has been studied in two high rate algal ponds (HRAPs), one with a carbonation sump station (HRAP + S), and a tubular airlift photobioreactor (TPBR) treating urban wastewater. Flue gas, from 1600 MW combined cycle plant, addition (4–5% volume CO2) not only increased biomass productivity but also improved efficiency of total nitrogen removal (TNRE) and total phosphorus removal (TPRE). The differences between the HRAP and HRAP + S were significant at all the flue gas injection flow rates tested. HRAP + S reached maximum TNRE, TPRE and biomass productivity (92.15 ± 1.45%, 95.10 ± 0.84% and 19.77 ± 0.38 g m−2 d−1, respectively) at a flow rate of 15 L min−1, while the HRAP reached similar productivity levels at 20 L min−1. TPBR showed an initial lower carbon limitation than HRAP and HRAP + S, but nevertheless a strong inhibition was observed in TPBR at the end of the test. Flue gas addition promotes the production of biomass with less nitrogen reserves and consequently with higher lipid content because of the nutrient limitation stress.
SubjectsWastewater; High rate algal pond; Carbonation sump injection; Tubular photobioreactor; Scenedesmus obliquus
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