Soil biodegradation of a benzoxazinone analog proposed as a natural products-based herbicide
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SourcePlant Soil (2015) 393:207–214
Aims Benzoxazinones with the 4-hydroxy-(2H)-1,4- benzoxazin-3(4H)-one skeleton have been proposed as potentially successful models for the development of novel design leads. D-DIBOA has proven to be the most promising base structure in the search for novel herbicide models based on the benzoxazinone skeleton. The biodegradation dynamics of D-DIBOA in soil are therefore relevant and are the subject of this study. Methods A previously optimized methodology for the assessment of biodegradation has been applied for the first time to a synthetic benzoxazinone. Results Biodegradability is a characteristic of natural benzoxazinones and a safety requirement for the development of herbicidal chemicals. The biodegradation phenomenon and its consequences for the development of new herbicide models are discussed. The half-life determined for D-DIBOA was much higher than those previously reported for the natural products DIBOA, DIMBOA and their benzoxazolinone derivatives. Conclusions This finding, together with its previously described potent phytotoxicity, suggests that D-DIBOA is a useful candidate for novel herbicide model development. The lactam D-HBOA, which is slightly less phytotoxic than its precursor, was discovered to be the first and principal metabolite resulting from D-DIBOA degradation.