Phytotoxicity evaluation of sesquiterpene lactones and diterpenes from species of the Decachaeta, Salvia and Podachaenium genera
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SourcePhytochemistry Letters 18 (2016) 68–76
Decachaeta, Salvia and Podachaenium genera are known for their wide variety of biological activities. Synthetic herbicides have caused a variety of environmental and resistance problems. Natural products represent an important alternative to combat such issues. Sesquiterpene lactones and diterpenes are families of bioactive natural products for which a range of activities have been described. The bioactivities of nine sesquiterpene lactones, eight heliangolides, one guaianolide and twenty two diterpenes isolated from species of the Decachaeta, Salvia and Podachaenium genera were tested by applying a methodical procedure that involves assays of compounds on etiolated wheat coleoptiles (Triticum aestivum), Standard Target Species (STS) and two important weeds (barnyardgrass and brachiaria). The results clearly show that all of the sesquiterpene lactones studied were active on coleoptiles. In addition, six lactones were phytotoxic on both STS and weeds, meaning that these compounds could be used in the development of natural herbicide models.