Influence of AbrasiveWaterjet Parameters on the Cutting and Drilling of CFRP/UNS A97075 and UNS A97075/CFRP Stacks
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DepartmentIngeniería Mecánica y Diseño Industrial
SourceMaterials 2019, 12, 107
The incorporation of plastic matrix composite materials into structural elements of the aeronautical industry requires contour machining and drilling processes along with metallic materials prior to final assembly operations. These operations are usually performed using conventional techniques, but they present problems derived from the nature of each material that avoid implementing One Shot Drilling strategies that work separately. In this work, the study focuses on the evaluation of the feasibility of AbrasiveWaterjet Machining (AWJM) as a substitute for conventional drilling for stacks formed of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) and aluminum alloy UNS A97050 through the study of the influence of abrasive mass flow rate, traverse feed rate and water pressure in straight cuts and drills. For the evaluation of the straight cuts, Stereoscopic Optical Microscopy (SOM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) techniques were used. In addition, the kerf taper through the proposal of a new method and the surface quality in different cutting regions were evaluated. For the study of holes, the macrogeometric deviations of roundness, cylindricity and straightness were evaluated. Thus, this experimental procedure reveals the conditions that minimize deviations, defects, and damage in straight cuts and holes obtained by AWJM.