Self-esteem and suicidal behaviour in youth: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
ISSN: 0214 - 9915
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Author/sSoto-Sanz, Victoria; Piqueras, José Antonio; Perez-Vazquez, María Teresa; Rodriguez-Jimenez, Tiscar; Castellví, Pere; Miranda-Mendizabal, Andrea; Pares-Badell, Oleguer; Almenara Barrios, José; Blasco, María Jesús; Cebria, Annabel; Gabilondo, Andrea; Gili, Margarida; Roca, Miquel; Lagares Franco, Carolina María; Alonso, Jordi
DepartmentBioquímica y Biología Molecular, Microbiología, Medicina Preventiva, Salud Pública; Estadística e Investigación Operativa
SourcePsicothema 2019, Vol. 31, No. 3, 246-254
Background: Previous literature suggests that low self-esteem is a risk factor for suicide attempts, but no meta-analyses have been conducted to assess this association in adolescents/young adults. The present study examined the relationship between low self-esteem and suicide attempts in young people (12-26 years old). Method: Meta-analyses were performed using random-effects models (ES) and odds ratio (OR). Heterogeneity and sensitivity analyses were performed. Results: From 26,883 initial titles, 22 studies met the inclusion criteria, of which 9 studies had data that could be included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that youths with lower self-esteem were more likely to have future suicide attempts, with an effect size (self-esteem as continuous variable) of d = .58 (95% CI = .44 - .73) and, for low self-esteem (categorical variable) an OR = 1.99 (95% CI = 1.39-2.86; p < .001). Conclusion: A low level of self-esteem is a risk factor for suicide attempts in adolescents/young adults.