Stability and Thermal Properties Study of Metal Chalcogenide-Based Nanofluids for Concentrating Solar Power
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Author/sMartínez-Merino, Paloma; Alcántara Puerto, Rodrigo; Aguilar, Teresa; Gallardo Bernal, Juan Jesús; Carrillo Berdugo, Iván; Gómez Villarejo, Roberto; Rodríguez-Fernández, Mabel; Navas Pineda, Francisco Javier
SourceEnergies 2019, 12(24), 4632
Nanofluids are colloidal suspensions of nanomaterials in a fluid which exhibit enhanced thermophysical properties compared to conventional fluids. The addition of nanomaterials to a fluid can increase the thermal conductivity, isobaric-specific heat, diffusivity, and the convective heat transfer coefficient of the original fluid. For this reason, nanofluids have been studied over the last decades in many fields such as biomedicine, industrial cooling, nuclear reactors, and also in solar thermal applications. In this paper, we report the preparation and characterization of nanofluids based on one-dimensional MoS2 and WS2 nanosheets to improve the thermal properties of the heat transfer fluid currently used in concentrating solar plants (CSP). A comparative study of both types of nanofluids was performed for explaining the influence of nanostructure morphologies on nanofluid stability and thermal properties. The nanofluids prepared in this work present a high stability over time and thermal conductivity enhancements of up to 46% for MoS2-based nanofluid and up to 35% for WS2-based nanofluid. These results led to an increase in the efficiency of the solar collectors of 21.3% and 16.8% when the nanofluids based on MoS2 nanowires or WS2 nanosheets were used instead of the typical thermal oil.