Selection of microalgae species for the treatment of marine aquaculture effluents: the SUNRAS project
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Author/sVillar-Navarro, Elena; Garrido-Pérez, Carmen; Velez-Colmenares, Julia; Zerolo, Ricardo; Perales Vargas-Machuca, José Antonio
DepartmentTecnologías del Medio Ambiente
SourceI Congreso de Jóvenes Investigadores del Mar (Cádiz, Octubre, 3-5)
Fisheries and aquaculture are a major source of employment and income on which the livelihoods of 10-12% of the world's population are based. However, the production process has to be improved in order to increase the sustainability. The ratio of Kg of wild fish needed to produce one kilogram of fish called Fish In Fish Out (FIFO), the carbon and water footprint and the discharge of nitrogen and phosphorus into the environment are certain points that must be resolved to increase the sustainability of this industry. Microalgae and aquaculture have traditionally been grown in both freshwater and seawater, two activities that have always been linked due to microalgae are part of the food chain as primary producers and feed different species in larval stages. They are now playing an increasingly important role in the world of wastewater treatment but in the field of aquaculture, this technology is less technologically advanced and often linked to extensive systems. Since the main problem of alternative sources of proteins and fatty acids of terrestrial origin do not have adequate profiles, some authors propose the use of microalgae as a potential substitute for fishmeal and fish oil.