Associations betweenWeight Status and Situational Motivation toward Fitness Testing in Physical Education: The Mediator Role of Physical Fitness
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Author/sGrao Cruces, Alberto; Racero García, Alejandro; Sánchez Oliva, David; Blanco Luengo, David; Nuviala Nuviala, Alberto; García Calvo, Tomás
DepartmentDidáctica de la Educación Física, Plástica y Musical
SourceInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4821
Background: This article examines the differences in situational motivation toward fitness testing in physical education classes between non-overweight and overweight students, as well as the mediator effect of objective and perceived physical fitness on the relationship between weight status and motivation toward fitness testing. Methods: A total of 534 adolescents (298 boys, 55.80%) participated in the study. Perceived physical fitness and situational motivation toward fitness testing were measured through questionnaires, whereas weight status and physical fitness were objectively measured. Results: Overweight students had lower intrinsic motivation (p< 0.001), and higher external regulation (p< 0.01) and amotivation (p< 0.05) during fitness testing in a physical education class than their non-overweight peers. The influence of being overweight on motivation regulations toward fitness testing was mediated by objective physical fitness level for intrinsic motivation (B= -0.140), external regulation (B= 0.104) and amotivation (B= 0.146). Perceived physical fitness was also used as a second mediator between weight status and intrinsic motivation (B= -0.117). Conclusions: Strategies to improve objective and perceived physical fitness in overweight students are necessary to increase self-determined motivation during fitness testing in physical education lesson.