A review of the effects of post-event information on the misinformation paradigm
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Author/sReyes Mena, Helena
AdvisorAguilar Villagrán, Manuel
The main objective of this essay is to review the latest advances on the knowledge of the misinformation paradigm and the effect of post event information. Classical studies are revised and commented, which is used as a starting point for this actualisation. Special attention is given to Loftus’ work, particularly to her classification of post event information in external and internal sources. With this differentiation the articles are chosen for the later review. External factors are found to have a more solid theoretical framework, while internal factors have some deficiencies when measured. This is commented during the essay, but also addressed directly on the Limitations section. External sources are subdivided on post event information transmitted by co-witnesses to the same event; forensic information provided, in the empiric situation, by the researchers, and by law enforcement agents on real life; by societal factors that shape the way in which subjects’ process information and, finally, potentially protective factors.