Evaluation of Paris MoU Maritime Inspections Using a STATIS Approach
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DepartmentCiencias y Técnicas de la Navegación y Construcciones Navales; Estadística e Investigación Operativa; Ingeniería Informática
SourceMathematics 2021, 9(17), 2092
Port state control inspections implemented under the Paris Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) have become known as one of the best instruments for maritime administrations in European Union (EU) Member States to ensure that the ships docked in their ports comply with all maritime safety requirements. This paper focuses on the analysis of all inspections made between 2013 and 2018 in the top ten EU ports incorporated in the Paris MoU (17,880 inspections). The methodology consists of a multivariate statistical information system (STATIS) analysis using the inspected ship's characteristics as explanatory variables. The variables used describe both the inspected ships (classification society, flag, age and gross tonnage) and the inspection (type of inspection and number of deficiencies), yielding a dataset with more than 600,000 elements in the data matrix. The most important results are that the classifications obtained match the performance lists published annually by the Paris MoU and the classification societies. Therefore, the approach is a potentially valid classification method and would then be useful to maritime authorities as an additional indicator of a ship's risk profile to decide inspection priorities and as a tool to measure the evolution in the risk profile of the flag over time.