Synthesis, Fungitoxic Activity against Botrytis cinerea and Phytotoxicity of Alkoxyclovanols and Alkoxyisocaryolanols
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Author/sAlmeida Pinto Bracarense, Adriana de; Ascari, Jociani; Gontijo de Souza, Giovanni; Silva Oliveira, Thays; Ruano González, Antonio; Pinto, Ana A.; Diamantino Boaventura, Maria Amélia; Aparecida Takahashi, Jacqueline; González Collado, Isidro; Durán Patrón, Rosa María; Macías Sánchez, Antonio José
SourceJ. Fungi 2021, 7(12), 1079
Clovane and isocaryolane derivatives have been proven to show several levels of activity against the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea. Both classes of sesquiterpenes are reminiscent of biosynthetic intermediates of botrydial, a virulence factor of B. cinerea. Further development of both classes of antifungal agent requires exploration of the structure-activity relationships for the antifungal effects on B. cinerea and phytotoxic effects on a model crop. In this paper, we report on the preparation of a series of alkoxy-clovane and -isocaryolane derivatives, some of them described here for the first time (2b, 2d, 2f-2h, and 4c-4e); the evaluation of their antifungal properties against B. cinerea, and their phytotoxic activites on the germination of seeds and the growth of radicles and shoots of Lactuca sativa (lettuce). Both classes of compound show a correlation of antifungal activity with the nature of side chains, with the best activity against B. cinerea for 2d, 2h, 4c and 4d. In general terms, while 2-alkoxyclovan-9-ols (2a-2e) exert a general phytotoxic effect, this is not the case for 2-arylalkoxyclovan-9-ols (2f-2i) and 8-alkoxyisocaryolan-9-ols (4a-4d), where stimulating effects would make them suitable candidates for application to plants.
SubjectsBotrytis cinerea; antifungal; phytotoxic activity; clovane; isocaryolane; Lactuca sativa
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