Optimal Size of a Smart Ultra-Fast Charging Station
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SourceElectronics (Switzerland), Vol. 10, Núm. 23
An ever-increasing penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) on the roads inevitably leads to an ever-stringent need for an adequate charging infrastructure. The emerging ultra-fast charging (UFC) technology has the potential to provide a refueling experience similar to that of gasoline vehicles; hence, it has a key role in enabling the adoption of EVs for medium-long distance travels. From the perspective of the UFC station, the differences existing in the EVs currently on the market make the sizing problem more challenging. A suitably conceived charging strategy can help to address these concerns. In this paper, we present a smart charging station concept that, through a modular DC/DC stage design, allows the split of the output power among the different charging ports. We model the issue of finding the optimal charging station as a single-objective optimization problem, where the goal is to find the number of modular shared DC/DC converters, and where the power rate of each module ensures the minimum charging time and charging cost. Simulation results show that the proposed solution could significantly reduce the required installed power. In particular, they prove that with an installed power of 800 kW it is possible to satisfy the needs of a UFC station composed of 10 charging spots.