Studying the dosage-dependent influence of hydrophobic alkoxysilane/siloxane admixtures on the performance of repair micromortars
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SourceJournal of Building Engineering, Vol. 48
Cracks sealing in deteriorated concrete often requires the use of repair mortars of compatible composition, good adhesion to the substrate and free of shrinkage. Even where repair mortars properly bond to the substrate, that interface affords a preferred pathway for water ingress. Hydrophobic repair micromortars designed to seal cracks via injection might be one way to solve that problem. This article analyses the effect of adding three hydrophobic products (generic labelled as UCA-TP) comprising silica oligomers, n-octylamine (a surfactant) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) in different proportions (10 wt% of PDMS :UCA-TP10, 28 wt% of PDMS: UCA-TP28 and 56 wt% of PDMS: UCA-TP56) to a fresh repair micromortar. The incorporation of UCA-TP products hastened the early hydration kinetics of repair micromortars, and, at the same time, after 7 days of hydration, declined the total heat released (the higher is the content of UCA-TP product and its proportion of PDMS the lower is the heat of hydration. The inclusion of the hydrophobic products substantially modified the repair micomortar wetting and water transport properties, by inducing a hydrophobic behavior (contact angle >100 degrees) and decreasing water absorption by >60%. Although adding those products to the repair micromortars increased porosity and lowered mechanical performance, 28 d compressive strength was consistently >50 MPa, a value that compared well to the original substrate. Simulated cracks were very effectively sealed by the repair micromortars.