Evidence of sea level rise at the Peruvian coast (1942–2019)
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DepartmentCiencias y Técnicas de la Navegación y Construcciones Navales; Física Aplicada
SourceScience of the Total Environment, Vol. 859
The present work aims to analyze the variability of the sea level of the Peruvian coast with time series over a long ob-servation period (Seventy-eight years, from 1942 to 2019). Data came from the Talara, Callao and Matarani tide gauge stations located at the north, center and south of the coast. Variations of sea level as well as air and seawater surface temperature were analyzed. Among the different scenarios studied, a sea level rise of 6.79, 4.21 and 5.16 mm/year for Talara, Callao and Matarani, respectively was found during the 1979-1997 nodal cycle. However, these results de-creased significantly during the next cycle (1998-2016) until values of 1.53, 2.16 and 1.0 mm/year for Talara, Callao and Matarani, respectively. Thus, it has been demonstrated that sea level rise are highly dependent on the time interval chosen. Moreover, large interannual changes of up to 200 mm/year are observed, due to recurring phenomena, such as "El Nino". On the other hand, the trends obtained are slightly lower than those shown by the IPCC up until 2006 but significantly higher values have been observed. Finally, the results presented herein show the necessity of a local study of the sea level variability at the coastal areas.