Anthropometric characteristics of young elite sailors based on performance level
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DepartmentDidáctica de la Educación Física, Plástica y Musical
SourceJournal of Exercise Science and Fitness, Vol. 21, Núm. 1, pp. 125-130
Background: /Objectives: The aim of the present study was to analyse possible differences in anthropo-metric characteristics of elite sailors based on categories and performance level.Methods: MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON A total of 42 young (aged 12-18 years) elite sailors (men = 31; women = 11) of the Monohull (n = 21) and Windsurfing (n = 21) categories composed the study sample. Testing was per-formed in one session the day before the start of an official and international competition. Body composition was measured using an octopolar and multi-frequency electrical bioimpedance analyser, and height was recorded using a telescopic measuring instrument. Cross-sectional study. The total sample was divided into two groups based on their performance level (ranking), 50th percentile (P1), and 100th percentile (P2).Results: MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON P1 presented a lower BMI, total body fat mass, and body fat mass in the trunk, arms, and legs (p < 0.05). Similarly, P1 reported a higher total body muscle mass and body muscle mass on the trunk, arms, and legs compared to the less level performance group (p < 0.05). In addition, P2 sailors were taller and heavier (p < 0.05). Regarding categories, the Windsurf sailors presented statistically significantly lower arm fat mass than the Monohull (p < 0.05). The Windsurf sailors showed differences between the two performance-level groups (p < 0.05). Additionally, comparing the high-level performance group in both categories, higher arm muscle mass on the Windsurfing sailors was detected (p < 0.05).Conclusions: MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON These findings could help to differentiate the anthropometric variables that determine sport performance in young elite sailors and could be used to differentiate the anthropometric variables in each category.(c) 2022 The Society of Chinese Scholars on Exercise Physiology and Fitness. Published by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommo ns.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
SubjectsSailing; Elite sailors; Anthropometry; Body composition; Windsurfing
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