Characterization of wind-blown sediment transport with height in a highly mobile dune (SW Spain)
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Author/sNavarro-Pons, Marina; Muñoz-Perez, Juan J.; Roman-Sierra, Jorge; Ruiz-Cañavate, Antonio; Gomez-Pina, Gregorio
SourceGeologica Acta , Vo l . 13 , N º 2 , June 2015 , 155 - 166 DOI : 10 .1344 / GeologicaActa 2015 . 13.2.6
The Valdevaqueros dune is located at one of the windiest points of Europe, where the frequent occurrence of strong easterly winds has generated a highly mobile dune. Several rotating cup anemometers in vertical array and a self-designed vertical sand trap, were placed to retain the drift sands at different heights over the surface in order to determine theoretical and actual sand transport rates in the Valdevaqueros dune system. General results show that 90% of the wind-blown sand is transported within the first 20cm above the dune crest surface. Theoretical transport rates based on different empirical formulae were 0.33 to 0.78 times the in-situ sand transport rate detected, which was 2.08·10-2kgm-1s-1 under moderate wind power (mean speed ranging from 8.4 to 17.9ms-1). Analysis of different statistical grain-size parameters helped to understand sand transport distribution at different heights.
SubjectsDune mobility; Average grain size.; Anemometer; Sand trap.; Aeolian sand transport.
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