Photobiotreatment: influence of nitrogen and phosphorus ratio in wastewater on growth kinetics of Scenedesmus obliquus.
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DepartmentTecnologías del Medio Ambiente
SourceInternational Journal of Phytoremediation. 15 - 1, pp. 774 - 788. Taylor & Francis, 2013
Nitrogen and phosphorus concentration in the effluent of a wastewater treatment plant can vary significantly, which could affect the growth kinetic and chemical composition of microalgae when cultivated in this medium. The aim of this work was to study the rate of growth, nutrient removal and carbon dioxide biofixation as well as biomass composition of Scenedesmus obliquus (S. obliquus) when it is cultivated in wastewater at different nitrogen and phosphorus ratio, from 1:1 to 35:1. A more homogeneous method for calculating productivities in batch reactors was proposed. The proper N:P ratio for achieving optimum batch biomass productivity ranged between 9 and 13 (263 and 322 mg L−1 d−1 respectively). This was also the ratio range for achieving a total N and P removal. Above and below this range (9–13) the maximum biomass concentration changed, instead of the specific growth rate.The maximum carbon dioxide biofixation rate was achieved at N:P ratio between 13 and 22 (553 and 557 mg CO2 L−1 d−1 respectively). Lipid and crude protein content, both depend on the aging culture, reaching the maximum lipid content (34%) at the lowest N:P (1:1) and the maximum crude protein content (34.2%) at the highest N:P (35:1).