The Benzú rockshelter: a Middle Palaeolithic site on the North African coast
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Author/sRamos Muñoz, José; Calado, David; Bernal Casasola, Darío; Domínguez Bella, Salvador; Ruiz-Zapata, Blanca; Gil-García, María José; Clemente-Conte, Ignacio; Durán-Valsero, Juan José; Vijande Vila, Eduardo; Chamorro-Moreno, Simón
DepartmentHistoria, Geografía y Filosofía
SourceQuaternary Science Reviews 27 (2008) 2210-2228
The rockshelter of Benzu ´ has a Middle–Upper Pleistocene stratigraphic sequence with ten levels, seven with evidence of human occupation. Speleothems have been dated by U/Th and the sedimentary levels by OSL and TL, showing that the sequence extends from 250 ka to 70 ka. In this paper, we summarise the results of geomorphology, chronostratigraphy and excavation, and provide preliminary results on the pollen, faunal and lithic remains. The location of the site on the North African coast of the Strait of Gibraltar offers the potential to throw light on contacts and relationships between prehistoric communities in North Africa and the South Iberian Peninsula, for whom the Strait may have served as a bridge rather than a barrier.