Natural Compounds That Modulate the Development of the Fungus Botrytis cinerea and Protect Solanum lycopersicum
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Author/sRosero-Hernandez, Esteban D.; Moraga Galindo, Javier; González Collado, Isidro; Echeverri, Fernando
SourcePlants 2019, 8(5), 111
Botrytis cinerea is the causal agent of gray mold disease and is responsible for the loss of millions of dollars in crops in worldwide. Currently, this pathogen exhibits increasing resistance to conventional fungicides; therefore, better control methods and novel compounds with a more specific mechanism of action but without biocidal e ects, are required. In this work, several natural compounds to control B. cinerea were analyzed in vitro. Detected e ects were dependent on the stage of fungus development, and 3-phenyl-1-propanol displayed the most potent inhibition of in vitro germination, germ tube development, and sporulation. However, it had lower protection of leaves and postharvest fruit in plant infection. Isoeugenol and 1-phenylethanol exhibited lower inhibition of in vitro germination and sporulation, but at the highest concentrations, they inhibited germ tube elongation. Although the lowest rates of foliage infection were recorded using isoeugenol and 3-phenyl-1-propanol, 1-phenylethanol significantly decreased the disease in postharvest tomato fruit, with an e cacy like Mancozeb, but at 18 times lower micromolar concentration. All compounds resulted in high cell viability after spores were removed from the treatment solution exhibited high cell viability, suggesting a non-biocidal e ect. The diversity of in vitro and in-plant e ects seems to indicate a di erent mechanism of action.