Materials with enhanced adhesive properties based on acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)/thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) blends for fused filament fabrication (FFF)
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DepartmentCiencia de los Materiales e Ingeniería Metalúrgica y Química Inorgánica
SourceMaterials & Design Volume 182, 15 November 2019, 108044
In the current work, we prepared a novel material suitable for additive manufacturing by using acrylonitrilebutadiene- styrene (ABS) copolymer as matrix and a thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) as additive. Conditions for successful printing via fused filament fabrication (FFF)were optimized for the ABS:TPU blends. Compatibility of ABS and TPU in the blends was studied by Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, showing the appearance of new supramolecular interactions via hydrogen bonding. Compositional studies were carried out by confocal Ramanmicroscopy and atomic forcemicroscopy (AFM), demonstrating the good compatibility between the two compounds. Mechanical and adhesive properties were studied by 3D-printing different normalized test specimens in different directions. Itwas shown that blends containing 10–20wt% TPU led to enhanced adhesion between layerswithout loss in yield strength,while 30wt% TPU led to a good adhesion between layers and to the printing platform when printing at room temperature.