Catalytic Soot Oxidation Activity of NiO–CeO2 Catalysts Prepared by a Coprecipitation Method: Influence of the Preparation pH on the Catalytic Performance
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DepartmentCiencia de los Materiales e Ingeniería Metalúrgica y Química Inorgánica
SourceMaterials 2019, 12(20), 3436
A series of NiO–CeO2 mixed oxide catalysts have been synthesized by a modified coprecipitation method at three di erent pH values (pH = 8, 9, and 10). The NiO–CeO2 mixed oxide samples were characterized by TGA, XRD, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), FTIR, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area, H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), and electron microscopy (high-angle annular dark-field transmission electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (HAADF-TEM/EDS)). The catalytic activities of the samples for soot oxidation were investigated under loose and tight contact conditions. The catalysts exhibited a high BET surface area with average crystal sizes that varied with the pH values. Electron microscopy results showed the formation of small crystallites (~5 nm) of CeO2 supported on large plate-shaped particles of NiO (~20 nm thick). XRD showed that a proportion of the Ni2+ was incorporated into the ceria network, and it appeared that the amount on Ni2+ that replaced Ce4+ was higher when the synthesis of the mixed oxides was carried out at a lower pH. Among the synthesized catalysts, Ni-Ce-8 (pH = 8) exhibited the best catalytic performance.