Attentional Differences as a Function of Rock Climbing Performance
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Author/sGarrido-Palomino, Inmaculada; Fryer, Simon; Giles, Dave; González Rosa, Javier Jesús; España Romero, Vanesa
DepartmentDidáctica de la Educación Física, Plástica y Musical; Psicología
SourceFront. Psychol. 11:1550.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between attention (using two different attention tasks) and self-reported climbing ability while considering potential confounding factors (sex, age, climbing experience, and cardiorespiratory fitness) in a group of experienced climbers. Accuracy of response (AC) and reaction time (RT) from two different attention tasks using the Vienna Test System, along with self-reported on-sight and red-point climbing ability, were assessed in 35 climbers. Linear regression revealed that climbers with the highest self-reported on-sight grade had better AC during the attention task. Linear regression models revealed, after controlling for potential confounders, that AC, measured using two attention tasks, was positively related to climbers' highest self-reported on-sight climbing ability (beta = 0.388;p= 0.031). No significant differences were found between AC and self-reported red-point climbing ability (beta = 0.286;p= 0.064). No significant relationship was found between RT and climbing ability (beta = -0.102 to 0.020;p= 0.064). In conclusion, higher-level rock climbers appear to have an enhanced attention, which is related to on-sight lead climbing style, and thus, it may be an important component of climbing performance. Coaches should consider incorporating techniques to train attention based on on-sight climbing style in climbers.