Feedback and Feedforward Control of a Biotrickling Filter for H2S Desulfurization with Nitrite as Electron Acceptor
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DepartmentIngeniería Química y Tecnología de Alimentos
SourceAppl. Sci. 2019, 9(13), 2669
Biotrickling filters’ control for H2S removal has special challenges because of complexity of the systems. Feedback and feedforward control were implemented in an anoxic biotrickling filter, operated in co-current flow mode and using nitrite as an electron acceptor. The feedback controller was tuned by three methods—two based on Ziegler-Nichols’ rules (step-response and maintained oscillation) and the third using the Approximate M-constrained Integral Gain Optimization (AMIGO). Inlet H2S staircase step perturbations were studied using a feedforward control and the e ect of EBRT considered by feedback control. The tuning method by maintained oscillation shows the lower errors. The selected controller was a PI, because unstable behavior at the lowest H2S inlet loading was found under a PID controller. The PI control was able to maintain an outlet H2S concentration of 14.7 0.45 ppmV at three EBRT, studied at 117 s, 92 s and 67 s. Therefore, desulfurized biogas could be used to feed a fuel cell. Feedforward control enhances BTF performance compared to the system without control. The maximum outlet H2S concentration was reduced by 26.18%, although sulfur selectivity did not exceed 55%, as elemental sulfur was the main oxidation product.