Identification and relationship of the autochthonous ‘Romé’ and ‘Rome Tinto’ grapevine cultivars
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DepartmentIngeniería Química y Tecnología de Alimentos
SourceSpanish Journal of Agricultural Research, Volume 16, Issue 4, e07SC02
The ‘Romé’ variety is considered an Andalusian (southern region in Spain) autochthonous black grape cultivar. However, several white and black grapevine accessions are known by this name, according to Vitis International Variety Catalogue. The aim of the present work was to clarify the identity of the ‘Romé’ and ‘Rome Tinto’ as black grapevine cultivar. Eight accessions known as ‘Romé’ and two as ‘Rome Tinto’ were analyzed using 30 OIV descriptors and 22 SSR loci. The morphologic and genetic analysis showed that all accessions studied presented the same genotype and phenotype and grouped with South Spanish cultivars. This study helps to clarify the confusion over the identity of ‘Romé’ grapevine cultivar, and provides a solid basis to develop a germplasm collection to protect grapevine diversity and to recover cultivars that may be in danger of extinction.