Conversion of Exhausted Sugar Beet Pulp into Fermentable Sugars from a Biorefinery Approach
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DepartmentIngeniería Química y Tecnología de Alimentos
SourceFoods 2020, 9(10), 1351
In this study, the production of a hydrolysate rich in fermentable sugars, which could be used as a generic microbial culture medium, was carried out by using exhausted sugar beet pulp pellets (ESBPPs) as raw material. For this purpose, the hydrolysis was performed through the direct addition of the fermented ESBPPs obtained by fungal solid-state fermentation (SSF) as an enzyme source. By directly using this fermented solid, the stages for enzyme extraction and purification were avoided. The effects of temperature, fermented to fresh solid ratio, supplementation of fermented ESBPP with commercial cellulase, and the use of high-solid fed-batch enzymatic hydrolysis were studied to obtain the maximum reducing sugar (RS) concentration and productivity. The highest RS concentration and productivity, 127.3 g.L-1 and 24.3 g.L-1.h(-1) respectively, were obtained at 50 degrees C and with an initial supplementation of 2.17 U of Celluclast (R) per gram of dried solid in fed-batch mode. This process was carried out with a liquid to solid ratio of 4.3 mL.g(-1) solid, by adding 15 g of fermented solid and 13.75 g of fresh solid at the beginning of the hydrolysis, and then the same amount of fresh solid 3 times every 2.5 h. By this procedure, ESBPP can be used to produce a generic microbial feedstock, which contains a high concentration of monosaccharides.